«Energy Technologies and Resource Saving» 2-2016


Soroka B.S.1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Shandor P.2, PhD, Vorobiov M.V.1, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Karabchievskaya R.S.1

1 The Gas Institute of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev

39, Dehtiarivska Str., 03113 Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: boris.soroka@gmail.com

2 Optimum Energo-Ecology Ltd., Dunaujvaros, Hungary


Natural Gas Saving by Replacement the Last for Process Gases While Heating Middle and High Temperature Furaces. Part 2. Numerical Determination of Fuel Flow Rate, of Fuel Use Energy and Environmental Characterstics by Assignment of Fuel Type and Composition


The technique for calculation of need fuel flow rate and for proper combustion heat flow has been advanced in frame of new author’s (B.S. Soroka) methodology of fuel replacement that takes the second law of thermodynamics into account along with the first law. Method for calculation the rate of available enthalpy flow of fuel-oxidant mixture has been developed. An impact of fuel replacement on formation the harmful substances by gas fuels combustion in the furnaces has been studied. The concept of new approach to interchangeability of fuel gases is grounded upon condition of conservation the rate of useful total enthalpy flow under fuels substitution. The last value accounts the fuel use efficiency. Numerical calculations of saving or overexpenditure the natural gas (NG) for the cases of total or partial NG substitution by process gases have been fulfilled. The calculations of the available heat flows of fuel-oxidant mixture and of combustion heat flow of the analyzed low-calorific fuels have been carried out for the cases of NG replacement with the process gases depending on the content (volume fraction) of blast furnace gas (BFG) in mixtures with natural (NG + BFG) or coke oven (COG + BFG) gases. Evaluation of formation and of specific effluents of pollutants: carbon dioxide ѲCO2 as a greenhouse gas and nitrogen oxides C²NOx as the most representative harmful substance — has been carried out along with computations of fuel flow rate and with energy using characteristics of low calorific mixed fuels. Bibl.12, Fig. 7, Tab. 2.

Key words: alternative gas fuels; available thermal energy, blast furnace gas; substitution of fuels; coke oven gas, heat-treating furnace, natural gas saving, secondary energy resources, specific emissions of harmful substances.




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3. Soroka B., Sandor P. Combined power and environmental optimization of the fuel type by reheating and thermal treatment processes, Proc. of the 21st World Gas Conference, Nice, Fr., 6–9 June 2000, 15 pp.

4. Martin P. Optimising performance, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions, Iron & Steel Today, Nov. 2013, pp. 13–14.

5. Soroka B.S., Vorobiov M.V., Bershadskyi A.I. Natural gas saving by replacement the last for process gases while heating middle and high temperature furnaces. Part 1. Influence of low-calorie gases characteristics on fuel flow rate in furnaces, [Energy technologies and resource saving], 2016, (1), pp. 11–22. (Rus.).

6. Soroka B. Combined power and environmental optimization of fuel-oxidant composition and initial parameters: thermodynamic approach and industrial validation, International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment, 2008, 9, Iss. 1–3, pp. 65–89.

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9. Soroka B.S. Intensification of Processes in Fuel Furnaces, Kiev : Naukova Dumka, 1993, 416 p. (Rus.). 10. Pioro L.S., Pioro I.L., Kostyuk T.O., Soroka B.S. Industrial Application of Submerged Combustion Melters, Kiev : Fact publishers, 2006, 240 pp. (Rus.)

11. Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations, Conference of the Parties Twenty-first session, Paris, 30 November to 11 December 2015, 32 p. — Access mode: https://unfccc.int/resource/ docs/2015 /cop21/eng/l09r01.pdf

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Krushnevich S.P., Candidate of Technical Sciences, Pyatnichko A.I., Candidate of Technical Sciences, Zhuk H.V., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Soltanibereshne M.A., PhD Student

The Gas Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev

39, Degtyarivska Str., 03113 Kiev, Ukraine, e-mail: admin@sergeyk.kiev.ua


Use of Pressure on the Gas Distribution Stations for Power Generation at Peak Periods


Before serving natural gas from the main gas pipeline to the consumer, he passes several stages of pressure reduction in the gas distribution stations. Reducing the pressure of natural gas is producing a significant amount of energy of cold. To prevent hydrate formation, gas is preheated to temperature which is guaranteed higher than expected point of hydrate formation on pressure reducer output. Reducing of pressure causes loss of potential energy, which was previously used for the compression of natural gas and in additional costs of natural gas for heating. If replace pressure reducer to expander, the energy from the gas pressure reducing can be partially repaired and used as the energy which was previously expended in compressing the gas. Negative factor of using of the expander is increase the temperature difference between its input and output to 5–8 times in comparison with the throttle, which requires increase to 7–11 times the volume of gas that is used to preheat the gas to an expander. For correct comparison, the authors carried out a fuel-economic calculation rational utilization pressure differential with the prices level of energy carriers in Ukraine in January 2016. Another positive factor in the production of electricity using the gas distribution stations is a partial compensation of peak loads on the electricity network of Ukraine, as natural gas consumption during peak periods also increases. Bibl. 8, Fig. 2, Tab. 2.

Key words: the gas distribution stationsh, hydraulic structures, electricity generation, energy utilization, pressure drop, natural gas.




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5. ÝG-1000, «Prezydent-Neva» Energeticheskyj centr. — Access mode: http://www.powercity.ru/site/ru/ catalog/48.html

6. Gazoturbynnye dvygately dlja yspol’zovanyja v gazotransportnyh setjah, «Zorja»–«Mashproekt», 2007, 16 p.

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Petrov S.V.1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Olhovikov O.V.2, Candidate of Economic Sciences

1 The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev

39, Degtyarivska Str., 03113 Kiev, Ukraine, e-mail: vizana.sp@gmail.com

2 The Center of Expert Technologies Ltd., Kiev

Mail Box 12, 02206 Kiev, Ukraine, e-mail: olegexpert5@gmail.com


Plasma Chemical Processing of Water Solutions with Use of the Pulsed Electrical Discharge. Creation of the Industrial Equipment (Review)


On the basis of modern representations about laws of underwater discharge phenomena caused by Impulse voltages the scientific and technical substantiation of construction of system of plasma processing of water solutions with scaling prospect on the big productivity is executed. The special attention is given to generating of highly reactionary plasma with low power consumption. It is reached at the expense of a number of technical decisions. The first - resonant split of an impulse into two channels. Thus from one source of power supply is generating two independent electric discharges with energies ~ 1 J are raised. The second - creation in interelectrode gaps of conditions for burn of the independent electrical discharges on borders of phase transition. Thus all volume of a processed solution is effectively sated with radicals OH. Besides, self-fixing (maintenance of average concentration of the OH in all volume of a solution) is provided at the expense of an optimum ratio of duration of an impulse to frequency. The sample of pilot installation aimed at large-scale use is created. The given hardware executed in modular version, is easily built in systems of processing of water solutions for purification of heavy metals, radionuclides, salts of rigidity, disinfection etc. Bib. 27, Fig. 8, Tab. 1.

Key words: the pulsed electrical discharge, a bubbled water solution, radicals OH, breakdown.




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Petrash V.D., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Polomanniy A.A., PhD Student, Basist D.V., Candidate of Technical Sciences

Odessa State Academy of Construction and Architecture

4, Didrihson Str., 65029 Odessa, Ukraine, e-mail: petrant@ukr.net


Fuel Economy During Heat Supply for Buildings with Indoor Swimming Pools under the Conditions of Joint Operation of Heat Pump Plant and Standard Heat Generator

High-performance heat supply for swimming pools is determined by conditions of energy-saving heat consumption within the whole process of maintaining the set temperature of water in the swimming pool and environment in rooms with multi-stage  air exchange. The authors have developed the heat pump system to heat the water  consumed in the building, which allows both simultaneously and alternately recovering  the heat of waste water and air flows of exhaust system of ventilation. The fuel  economy during heat supply for buildings with indoor swimming pools under the conditions  of joint operation of heat pump plant and standard heat generator was determined  for the suggested system on the basis of research results. The dependencies of gas fuel economy on conversion ratio as well as minimal values of conversion ratios on  gas fuel cost are determined at different electricity tariffs. Taking into account current ratio of electricity costs and gas fuel costs the economy is about 58–86 % for realistically reachable values of conversion ratios j = 4–6. Bibl. 5, Fig. 3.

Key words: heat pumps, heat recovery, fuel economy, heat supply.




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4. Klimenko V.N. Nekotorye osobennosti primenenija  parokompressornyh teplovyh nasosov dlja utilizacii  sbrosnoj teploty otopitel’nyh kotlov, Promyshlennaja  teplotehnika, 2011, 33 (5), pp. 42–48. (Rus.)

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Bilousova N.A., Candidate of Technical Sciences, Herasymenko Yu.S., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Red’ko R.M., Vichkan I.Yu.

National Technical University of Ukraine «KPI», Kiev

37, Peremohy Ave, build. 4, 03056 Kiev, Ukraine, e-mail: bilousova@xtf.kpi.ua


Modeling of Growth and Evaluation Anticorrosive Properties of Scale


The work concerns investigation of scale formation in the mode of boiler water with high hardness and definition of efficiency anticorrosive antiscalant action. The experimental  setup and method of determining the specific rate of scale formation and steel corrosion rates under controlled water supply, which provides a constant concentration of hardness salts, and a maximum rate of scale deposition, as well as the constancy of the concentration of antiscalant were developed. The functional dependencies of the specific scale mass gains in time for the investigated antiscalant HEDP, LWCh-1.1 (based on organophosphonates) and SeaQuest (based on polyphosphate) are linear. The structure  and anticorrosive properties of the formed scale depend not only on the nature and concentration  of antiscalant, but also from the fresh water replenishment rate. In comparative  tests with the same concentrations of reactants it found that the best inhibitory and  anti-scale properties have HEDP in the water with hardness of 20.2 mM/dm3. The developed technique and produced dependencies allow predicting antiscale and anticorrosive action of reagents for boiler of small power plants that operate without water treatment during the heating season. Bibl. 11, Fig. 4.

Key words: scale, scale growth rate, antiscalant, corrosion rate.



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Sklyarenko E.V., Bileka B.D., Doctor of Technical Sciences

Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev

2a , Zhelyabova Str., 03057 Kiev, Ukraine, e-mail: bilbo1@i.com. Ua


Experimental Study of Thermochemical Conversion Process for Plant Biomass into Combustible Gas and Biocarbon on Installation of Screw Type


Installation of screw type that implements the technology of thermochemical conversion  of small fraction plant biomass into combustible gas and biocarbon is proposed. The technology  is based on the use of high-speed pyrolysis of biomass in combined heating and  filtering high temperature products of incomplete combustion of hydrocarbon gas through  the pressed movable layer. Temperature distribution of conversion products and their output  along the reactor length depending on process temperature, dwell time, heat transfer  medium parameters and initial plant biomass are investigated on the basis of the developed  mathematical model. The results of theoretical and experimental studies of the basic  regime parameters of process are presented. Bibl. 11, Fig. 4.

Key words: biomass, thermochemical conversion, pyrolysis, filtration of the gas heat medium, screw reactor.




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